Disposal of Eternit - this is how you dispose of Eternit plates
- The legal basis
- Disposal of contaminated Eternit plates
- Harmful asbestos
- Historical foundations
- Recognize asbestos
- Eternit plate = asbestos fiber plate "> New Eternit plates
- Not just Eternit plates
Old Eternit plates contain carcinogenic asbestos, so disposal is no longer a private matter. The article provides an overview of where you can encounter asbestos and how to proceed with disposal. The disposal of this material is subject to numerous regulations. These rules and regulations apply to any citizen who may come into contact with the hazardous material, including directly to individuals.
The private builder may not waive compliance with these protective regulations, because he z. B. has the necessary expertise in dealing with the risks thinks or accepts a risk to oneself, because a not properly carried out asbestos disposal endangered uninvolved persons in the environment, which are also protected by the prohibition rules.
The legal basis
The legal basis for Germany are the following regulations:
- Chemical Prohibition Order (ChemVerbotsV)
- Hazardous Substances Ordinance (GefStoffV)
- Technical rule for hazardous substances 519 (TRGS 519)
- Asbestos: Demolition, renovation or maintenance work
For all other regulations regarding the handling of asbestos, the regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 of the European Union applies. It applies to all countries of the European Community and to all potentially affected circles including private persons.
Such EU regulations must be implemented in the Member States by adapting existing laws and adopting new rules in accordance with the of the Regulation.
As a homeowner or as a private person wants to dispose of asbestos, you should know and take into account these legal requirements. If the technical rules (TRGS) have been complied with, then z. As authorities and courts assume that the work was done correctly and in accordance with the state of the art. So z. For example, a homeowner sued by the neighbor for inadmissible asbestos release can prove that he has acted legally and that he can not be accused of negligence. You can read the ordinances and legal foundations at the Federal Environment Agency .
Disposal of contaminated Eternit plates
For you, this means that you should be careful not to drill, saw, grind, suspend, treat, or otherwise treat in any way a fibrous particle could dislodge suspicious old building materials.
If you yourself want to keep track of whether the commissioned specialist company is acting professionally, you will find the corresponding technical rules and many other documents on working with asbestos products at the Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Among other things, you can explore there which kind of credentials a company must present.
Eternite plates, whose disposal is problematic, contain harmful asbestos fibers, with the most problematic of man-made fibers. But not only the asbestos fibers themselves are a problem, but today there is often the additional problem that homeowners of younger ages have not experienced the past discussions about the material asbestos until the final ban and simply do not know the dangerousness of the substance. Many people no longer recognize asbestos in their private environment, younger real estate owners are usually no longer aware of where asbestos could be installed and therefore where asbestos could be released during conversions or renovations.
So nature is not always harmless, especially when human ingenuity strikes and processes a natural material in a way that does not occur in nature. As was the case with asbestos, for example, the mineral asbestos occurs in nature as a felted, fibrous form of mineral silicates and is completely harmless in this form. Nature has simply provided no machining, in which the mineral is comminuted in such a way that insanely thin microfibers are produced. When people inhale parts of these microfibers, the human lung has a problem with it. In the processing conceived by man, the natural fiber asbestos develops more fine dust than the artificial mineral fibers.
In asbestos is definitely sure that it is carcinogenic, a single inhaled asbestos fiber should be theoretically sufficient. Asbestos is mentioned 45 times in the Hazardous Substances Ordinance, the TRGS 519 sets up 65 pages of protection regulations for asbestos work. Various diseases caused by asbestos (pneumoconiosis) are recognized as occupational diseases.
Actually, it has been known for a surprisingly long time that processed asbestos is not the best thing for human health. In the year 1898, an English factory inspector warned of asbestos for the first time, and in the following years also many physicians. In 1924, asbestosis got its name from an asbestos victim obstructing British pathologist. As early as 1942, lung cancer was recognized by asbestos workers as an occupational disease, and later on, other occupational diseases were added. To this day, studies confirm further cancer risks.
In the Federal Republic of Germany, the first protective regulations on the handling of asbestos were published in the 1970s; it was not until 1993 that asbestos was banned in Germany. Only in 2005 did the EU-wide complete ban come into force.
Quite a few people come into contact with asbestos as home improvement, without them being aware of it. If you do not know how dangerous it can be to "pull out" the old false ceiling, to free the old garage roof thoroughly and perhaps even with the grinder from the ancient moss or to store untreated old building materials, then you can go to work completely unprotected.
Currently, the Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health believes that about 1, 500 people die each year as a result of asbestos exposure (German asbestos ban almost 25 years ago). Until all sources of potential health risks from asbestos have been eliminated, the substance continues to harm, decades into the future. The damage is still in the future because there are usually many years between asbestos exposure and the onset of cancer, and asbestos exposure in early youth may well be in the very distant future, because asbestos fibers remain in body tissue for more than 100 years.
Since 1930, asbestos was used in Germany in larger quantities than most other materials. From 1950 to 1985, approximately 4.4 million tonnes were consumed, albeit in more than 3, 000 different products. This is about asbestos fiber boards or asbestos cement boards, and these were used especially in the 1960s and 1970s in both parts of Germany in a variety of buildings.
Whether asbestos-containing building materials, mainly asbestos cement, were used in an old house, but depends not only on the year of construction between 1960 and 1980. Even after that, asbestos cement panels can have come to or into the house due to conversions of uninformed people.
By 1993, asbestos may have been installed in any case.
- bound asbestos cement in slabs,
- Asbestos fibers will only release when thermally or mechanically exposed
- break, smash
- grind, mill
- steam clean
- weakly bound asbestos, z. B. Spritzasbest as heat and fire protection
- on supporting steel elements
- in asbestos-containing plaster
- Lightweight panels (ceiling, wall, radiator)
- Electrical installations on boilers
- Asbestos fibers will only release when thermally or mechanically exposed
Here, the asbestos fibers are already released by vibration and aging, the renovation is correspondingly expensive in this case. Until the EU-wide ban in 2005, asbestos-containing building materials can be found in all houses whose former owners maintained contacts outside Germany or made purchases outside of Germany.
If you do not know, with and from exactly what material your older house was built, every hard plate or any fibrous coating has earned your distrust.
Eternit plate = asbestos fiberboard ">
The Eternit plate quickly became the "epitome of modernity" and remained so for decades; As usual, "the latest craze" for a while was only available to the well-heeled, then came low-priced sector and mass exploitation. Because of their now low cost, the asbestos cement panels were used in masses for cladding, from about 1960 to 1980 as the preferred building material with which the facades of old half-timbered houses spoiled, excuse, modernized.
New Eternit plates
For the company Eternit the fiber asbestos and the problematic asbestos cement are already a long history, they produce asbestos-free fiber cement products for decades (as well as the rest of the German fiber cement industry). The first asbestos-free panels have now been proven for around 20 years in practical application, so here are also conversions and even the first disposals on. Since the asbestos-free fiber cement products contain no ingredients that were previously suspected of health hazards, no health risks are to be expected during disposal. Such fiber cement boards are not subject to conditions and can be disposed of with the normal construction waste.
Not just Eternit plates
As I said, asbestos-containing products have long been produced and installed, between 1950 and 1985 in more than 3, 000 different products. Dangerous asbestos can therefore not only be found in old Eternit plates, but also in or as:
- Old machinery and technical equipment
- Asbestos-containing plaster
- Asbestos cement roofs
- Linings in electrical appliances, toaster, hair dryer, iron
- Floors, especially those from the 1960s, cushion vinyl coverings or vinyl asbestos tiles
- Brake linings and clutches of old vehicles or ships
- Roof or corrugated sheets
- Electrical installations of night storage heaters and boilers
- Freestanding moldings such as flower boxes and garden furniture
- Lightweight panels for ceiling, wall and radiator panels
- Pipes and cable ducts
- Black brown bitumen adhesive
- Spray asbestos z. B. on steel beams
- Table tennis, mini golf, summer toboggan runs ...