Strawberry varieties - Overview of popular new and old varieties
- Overview of strawberry varieties
- 1. Early ripening strawberry varieties
- 2. Mid-seasoning strawberry varieties
- 3. Late ripening strawberry varieties
- 4th monthly strawberries for the whole year
- 5. Old varieties
- 6. Hanging and climbing strawberries
- 7. Wild strawberries for connoisseurs
- Facts about the strawberry
Summer time is strawberry time. Strawberries are among the most popular berry fruits in Germany. Strawberry varieties with light fruits, which are easy to transport and store, are sold on the market. Aromatic, however, are the varieties that bear smaller and darker fruits. Since they do not secure high yields, these strawberry varieties are especially important for allotment gardeners and self-catering.
The selection of different strawberry varieties is hardly manageable. And strawberry is not the same strawberry! The variety makes it possible to find a suitable strawberry variety for every garden and its special site conditions as well as for every taste. Here we have compiled for you a list of popular varieties of strawberries. Strawberry varieties that have proven themselves in the past, new varieties with excellent characteristics and old strawberry varieties that are still very popular even after decades. If you are not sure which strawberries to plant in your own garden, try a few other varieties every year.
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Overview of strawberry varieties
Strawberry varieties are sorted according to maturity. Similar to potatoes, there are early varieties to late-ripening strawberries. In addition, there are varieties that bear fruit over a very long period of time. The classification is structured according to maturity and age of the corresponding strawberry variety. For a while, only a few (relatively) new varieties were on the market in the trade, which guaranteed abundant harvest and good shelf life, but unfortunately had to suffer losses in taste. Now the trend is clearly back to biodiversity and flavorful strawberry varieties, especially in private gardens. For this reason, even old varieties are back in fashion, either as an original variety or as an improved, disease-resistant strain.
1. Early ripening strawberry varieties
Those who can not wait to harvest strawberries in spring should also cultivate a few strawberries of the early ripening variety in the garden. In good weather, the first fruits are already ripe from mid-May. The harvest runs until about the end of June.
Clery: fruity sweet taste and red pulp throughout
Daroyale: a new type of sweet with good taste, the big red fruits are long lasting
Darselect: comes from southern France and is very successfully grown in Selbstpflückanlagen, brick red fruits with good taste
Elvira: very high-yielding variety with big, sweet berries, not prone to diseases
Lambada: makes very sweet, bright red fruits with good aroma, good yields, but very susceptible to mildew
Honeoye: new variety as an enhancement of Lambada, even, dark red fruits, carries plenty of berries with slight acidity (but does not match the taste Lambada approach), but very resistant to diseases
White Dream: special variety with white, about 2 cm large berries, light pineapple aroma, especially fruitful when combined with red strawberries
[Illustration of White Pineapple Strawberry White Dream]
2. Mid-seasoning strawberry varieties
While the flowerbeds of the early varieties have already been harvested and the maturity of the late strawberry varieties has come to an end, these varieties form a golden middle course in their ripening season. From about the end of June, late-ripening strawberries can be harvested.
Elsanta: most popular variety in commercial cultivation, large fruits with a medium flavor, highly susceptible to rot and mildew, conditionally suitable for the allotment garden
Deluxe: new variety, characterized by beautiful, even fruits, bright red berries with a special aroma
Corona: convinced by its taut upright growth, which facilitates the harvest, prefers sandy soils
Polka: thrives in any garden, very adaptable and relatively undemanding, especially suitable for areas with changing climate, conical, sweet and sour fruits
Sonata: very productive, delivers juicy, sweet fruits, improved new form of the popular variety Elsanta, stronger flavor and better hardy, well suited for cooler climate
3. Late ripening strawberry varieties
Especially sunshine get such strawberry varieties, which only mature late in the year, from about August. For a very special conclusion, therefore, provide the following varieties:
Nerid: particularly juicy and sweet fruits, also scores with good resistance to diseases
Pandora: the fruits are slightly sour in the taste, ripens as one of the last strawberry varieties
Sweet Mary XXL: As the name suggests, this variety produces extra large fruits that do not lose their aroma
Symphony: produces very large fruits and provides high yields, very adaptable, resistant to root rot, not particularly salient
Vicoda: solid fruits that are ideal for preservation
4th monthly strawberries for the whole year
Monthly strawberries, also known as bearing or remonstant strawberries, are derived from wild strawberries in contrast to the classic garden strawberry. These varieties have not only taken over the characteristic of their long harvest time from the wild species, but also their excellent, intense-sweet taste. This makes the monthly strawberries the ideal variety for planting in a pot on the terrace and balcony.
Amandine: elongated, light red strawberries with aromatic taste, new breed
Mara de Bois: strawberry from the wild strawberry dessert from France, fruit from June to October
Merosa: bears pink flowers and is therefore also suitable as an ornamental plant, smaller flavorful berries
Ostara: especially popular with children as a type of snack, very intense taste, medium red, elongated fruits
Rügen: rich variety with small fruits that taste like wild strawberries
Seascape: New variety from California, thrives even in high heat, at least three months harvest (June-September), suitable for beds and window boxes
Wädenswil: considered a Swiss answer to Mieze Schindler, medium-sized, fruity-sweet berries, is one of the earliest varieties among the monthly strawberries
5. Old varieties
Early on, humans discovered the special aroma of strawberries. In the private garden, old varieties of vegetables and fruits have been gaining new ground in recent times. Classics of the old strawberry varieties include:
Apricot Chinoise (apricot strawberry): almost forgotten variety with rather untypical taste of peach and nectarine, berry remains yellowish-white even when fully ripe
Herzberg's Triumph (1949): is one of the very robust climbing strawberries, the solid foothills form, always carrying variety, comes from Mieze Schindler, excellent taste
Hansa (1904): one of the oldest varieties with soft, blood-red pulp, is therefore also called strawberry or black pineapple, rarity
Queen Louise (1905): the old variety is today more trendy than ever, early ripening variety, intense taste, pronounced heart shape, good frost hardy, fruits not storable
Corona (1972): very high-yielding variety with large broad-leaved fruits, sweet and sourish taste, less prone to rot, mid-early variety with long harvest time
Mieze Schindler (1925): already at the age of 100, but still in vogue, Mieze Schindler enchants with smaller, sugar-sweet fruits, matures late, lover's species, sensitive to mildew
Reusrath's Allerfrüheste (1949): captivates with its intense aroma, always sought-after lover with medium-sized, round berries, early variety with a balanced sour taste
Senga sengana (1942): medium-sized, heart-shaped fruits with a strong herbaceous aroma, medium-early variety, somewhat susceptible to gray mold, resistant to leaf and root diseases, in the second year the amount of berry per plant decreases slightly
Tip: The strawberry varieties Mieze Schindler produces almost exclusively female flowers. Therefore, a suitable variety (such as Senga sengana or corona) must be planted for fertilization. For every four plants of Mieze Schindler a pollinating plant is necessary.
6. Hanging and climbing strawberries
For hobby gardeners without their own garden, we recommend hanging or climbing strawberries, which can easily be grown on the balcony.
Diamond (Selva): always carrying strawberry variety for traffic light planting or window boxes, medium-sized fruity-sweet fruits
Rosalie: pink flowers and large, red fruits from July to October, good taste, hanging strawberry
Hummi: climbing strawberry (for climbing spirals ), fast-growing plant with deep red, plump fruit, sweet and juicy aroma, harvest from July to frost
7. Wild strawberries for connoisseurs
Wild strawberries can not score with a lush harvest, but they have a whole host of other benefits to offer. They are not only very frugal and tolerate even half shady places under trees and shrubs, but are a very special treat for snacking and as a decoration.
Alpine Yellow: yellow-white fruit with an intense taste
Mignorette: not only smells wonderful, but with its fruits also one of the popular gourmet varieties
Rubra: bright pink flowers, countless aromatic fruits
White Soul: Rarity with white fruits
Facts about the strawberry
The strawberry is a relic of bygone days. Archaeological finds indicate that even in the Stone Age (2200 BC) strawberries were considered popular fruits. When already small wild strawberries were cultivated in the Middle Ages, settlers found in America also larger specimens. Strawberries have been cultivated here since the 18th century, but first in greenhouses.
Through numerous crossings, the now famous breeders strawberry was created. The species are diverse and range from tiny forest fruits to large oblong or round strawberries. Out of about 20 species and hybrids, more than a thousand strawberry varieties have been produced - and new varieties are constantly being added.
From the mostly white, rarely pink flowers, the berries begin to grow until they reach maturity. On the surface of this berry then emerge the actual fruits, small nutlets, which stretch as dots over the entire surface of the berry.
Tips for quick readers
- Strawberries are available in about 1000 varieties
- Pay attention to the right variety for the garden
- the individual varieties have different requirements
- Strawberry varieties are subdivided according to harvest time
- the smaller and redder the berries, the more flavorful
- early varieties: Clery, Elvira, Lambada
- mid-early varieties: corona, polka, sonata
- late varieties: Nerid, Pandora, Symphony
- Monthly Strawberries: Amandine, Ostara, Wädenswil
- Old varieties: Hansa, Kitty Schindler, Senga Sengana
- White Dream: white berry with pineapple flavor
- Apricot Chinoise: yellow berry with apricot flavor
- Hanging strawberries for the balcony: Diamant, Rosalie
- Climbing Strawberries: Hummi
- Wild strawberries: particularly intense taste