Lavender, Lavandula angustifolia - List of lavender varieties
- Overview lavender
- The most important cultivars
Lavender is a beautiful as well as comfortable small wood, which brings fantastic Mediterranean flair. The genus Lavendula includes the "Lavender" ( lavendula angustifolia ), the "Wooly Lavender" ( lavandula lanata ) and the "Broadleaf Lavender" (l avandula latifolia ). The " Lavandula angustifolia " is the real lavender - which is cultivated in the original form with the real lavender scent, but also in many interesting cultivars, which are presented to you in the article.
Lavandula angustifolia is the original, true "wild" lavender, only it produces the real lavender scent. Robust, rather easy-care and uncomplicated, he is also the most popular lavender of gardeners. Therefore, there are many varieties of breeding, which show quite interesting variations.
The most important cultivars
Lavandula angustifolia is rather small-sized (around 50 to 70 cm) and weak-growing, rather short-leaved, but therefore (especially) hardy and particularly aromatic. The wild form produces the noblest fragrances for the most expensive lavender oil, which is why it is still cultivated in France at the high altitudes of Provence. The cultivars obtained from this primal lavender differ somewhat from the grandfather of the varieties. You can show other leaf colors, leaf shapes or leaf sizes, show a completely different growth habitus or flower in colors that you are not used to from lavender. Unless otherwise stated in the list, the lavender becomes medium high. All lavender are hardy and perennial and be used as bee pasture, aromatic plants, medicinal plant, ornamental plant, tea and spice.
- Lavandula angustifolia, true Lavender l in the original form, is not necessarily very "wild" in the garden, because it is only a pleasant 50 cm high and 30 cm wide. The color "lavender" has the name of its flowers, the scent "lavender" also, he trains in the highest perfection.
Tip: True lavender only grows wild in two regions around the world: In Provence, there is one of the genetic centers, this lavender we just had. The second home of the real lavender is less known, it is located in the east of Europe. This second genetic center, where lavender grows wild, stretches from the Balkans, starting in Croatia and Romania down to Montenegro and Macedonia. These quite own characteristics (longer flower stems, higher growth) showing subspecies of the lavender is a great holiday souvenir.
- Lavandula angustifolia , Annelie ', Bulgarian lavender variety with long flower stems and tall habit, but which forms the typical for angustifolia short leaves. Clear, fresh, pleasant aroma without sweet notes, very good laundry smell - if you put the laundry in sunshine to dry on lavender bushes, the aroma is absorbed by the fibers.
- Lavandula angustifolia 'Blue Cushion', a low, compact lavender that actually creates cushions with bright blue flowers, e.g. B. can surround a bed beautifully.
- Lavandula angustifolia , Bleue Velor Paul ', type of lavender by a well-known breeder from Provence, compact growth, deep blue flowers on dark blue goblets.
- Lavandula angustifolia , Cecilia ', a strongly growing, large-leaved variety with long flower stems and large flowers of an almost pure blue. Velvety calyx, good aroma.
- Lavandula angustifolia , Contrast ', new variety from Belgium, very vital, strong contrast between bright purple flowers and dark goblets.
- Lavandula angustifolia 'Hidcote Blue', short, compact lavender with dark purple flower stems, good for drying.
- Lavandula angustifolia , Imperial Gem ', dark blue-violet, long-lasting flowers with up to 55 cm long flower stems. Lush, relatively late flowering from late July to August, well suited for the vase
- Lavendula angustifolia 'Lady', award-winning new breed, produces even, compact plants that bloom richly in the first year when they are first grown.
- Lavandula angustifolia 'Luberon', named after a mountain massif in southern Provence, where it has developed its rather slow growth rate. Bushy and compact habit, well-balanced, fruity aroma, "lavender" flowers in accordance with regulations.
- Lavandula angustifolia 'Maillette', variety of a famous Provence grower, cutted, provides up to twice the amount of essential oil of almost equal quality, flowering variety with beautiful purple flowers compared to the original form.
- Lavandula angustifolia 'Miss Katherine', a new, rarely strong pink flowering variety, vigorous and tall, blooming relatively late from July to August.
- Lavandula angustifolia 'Munstead', an intense blue flowering variety that is slightly higher than 'Hidcote Blue', very early flowering.
- Lavandula angustifolia , Rêve de Jean-Claude ', aroma extract from Provence with bright light purple, long flowers, very vigorous upright growing, fine intense scent, aromatic light blue flowers.
- Lavandula angustifolia 'Rosea', exceptional pink flowers, which are particularly good in contrasting plants with blue lavender, compact growth, good aroma.
- Lavandula angustifolia 'Royal Purple', perhaps the tallest real lavender, up to 80 cm, very elegant long purple-blue flower candles, truly royal flowers for your garden.
- Lavandula angustifolia , Two Seasons', also 'Irene Doyle', thriving, blooms twice a year, mid to late June and (often more lush and branched stems) September / October, lavender oil from the plants is of good quality.
- Lavandula angustifolia 'Alba', white flowering compact growing lavender, but more vigorous and less sensitive than white Provence lavender.
Tip: If you want to plant lavender to use its aroma, as a scented oil, dried flower or spice, you should taste the same with the gardener. The aromatics of the cultivars are namely quite different, they go from very sweet to very characterful and harsh.