Mesh stitch tutorial for sewing, embroidery and knitting
- Visible stitch stitch
- Invisible mesh stitch
- Embroidery with stitches
- Vertical stitch stitch
- Horizontal stitch stitch
- Tips on the material
If knitting pieces have to be connected in a horizontal manner, the so-called stitch stitch is usually used. The name owes its name to its appearance, since two knitted parts are joined together by a hand-stitched row of stitches. In addition, embroidery can be applied to knitwear on a large scale or as individual motifs with this stitch. The embroidery thread always follows the course of the stitches of the basic knit.
The stitch pattern reveals his field of application by his name. It needs a knitted fabric whose individual parts are connected by a row of threads. If the thread is pulled tight, a visible seam strip results, but if this stitch is worked with the same mesh size as the knitting pieces, an invisible connection between the knitted parts results.
You need this:
- working thread
- blunt darning needle
To work a stitch, you will need two knitted pieces to be connected. This type of seaming can be found, for example, sock tips or shoulder seams of sweaters. In both cases, the stitches of the parts must be sewn together so that the course of the sequence continues from one part seamlessly into the other piece of knitting. The mesh legs of a mesh are connected to those of the opposite mesh. This results in a course that is "sewn in" and not knitted, but visually resembles all rows of the knit.
Visible stitch stitch
In this example, the front and back of a pullover are connected together. Both pieces of knit are in a chained state. The shoulder area of the front part must be sewn to the shoulder area of the back part. For this purpose, a correspondingly long thread is threaded into the blunt needle. Both knitted parts are placed opposite each other. In the example, a different colored thread is used, so that the sewn stitch stitch series is easy to see.
Start at the front piece and pierce the edge stitch so that one stitch of the stitch is used.
Now it goes to the shoulder area of the back part. Here two threads are grasped with the needle. Take a look at the course of stitches. The suture now becomes a mesh head that holds two mesh legs together. It comes from the lower front part (as the right mesh leg), is guided as a mesh head through the mesh legs of the mesh above the Abkettrandes (back part).
In the next step, it goes back to the front part, where the needle from now on also below two threads (mesh legs) is performed and thus again forms a mesh head.
In this way, the opposing stitches of both knit parts are joined together. When the shoulders are sewn together, the thread is carefully tightened so that both pieces of knit are firmly joined together. This can be done while sewing in a few centimeters distance, very soft wool can break quickly, if you have to spend too much tension for a long piece of seam. By tightening the thread, the stitch pattern is no longer visually recognizable and creates a stable seam.
Tip: This seam variant is primarily suitable for knits made of thin wool. The chained courses form a Nahtwulst after sewing on the inside. The thicker the processed wool, the thicker the inner seam edge becomes.
Invisible mesh stitch
There are sutures where an applied suture is undesirable, such as when sock topping. Here, there is the variant in which the upper and the lower lace area knit the same size and then seamlessly connected. The sock tip can also be knit like the sock heel and then connected with the stitches of the instep that were disused before the start of the lace. In both cases, the work thread is not pulled taut, as this would give a visible seam. The stitches of both knit areas are joined together so that no seam is visible.
When knitting socks you have the last stitches of lace on the needles. So they are not chained off, but are in "open" form. The connection is exactly the same as with chained stitches.
For this purpose, a mesh leg with the needle is picked up again by the first stitch of the lower knitting piece. Pull the thread through and change to the upper piece of knit. Here is stung by two loops, which are formed by the mesh legs, the thread is pulled through and the first connection of the knitting is done. When pulling through the thread, make sure that it forms enough stitches to form a stitch that is the same size as all other stitches in the piece. If the stitch has become too small, pierce it with the needle and loosen the thread to the desired stitch size.
If you work the stitch stitch too big, this stitch is visually noticeable in the knit.
Change back to the lower piece of knit and then pierce through the next two loops and pull the thread through. Work in this transition until all open meshes are connected.
It takes a bit of practice until a row of stitches disappears inconspicuously into the fabric.
Embroidery with stitches
Baby blankets, knitted children's dresses, scarves or hats can be embroidered and spiced up according to individual ideas. Unlike free embroidery, in which the substrate can be decorated with flat or cross stitches, this embroidery style requires a background with stitches - so it takes a knit. The embroidery technique is very simple. With colored yarns, the respective stitches of the knitted piece are reworked. In this way, horizontal and vertical lines can be embroidered. By moving the stitches in height and width, even round or oblique elements can be embroidered.
Vertical stitch stitch
Due to the visual appearance, it is recommended, if possible due to the pattern, to work the embroidery stitch from the bottom to the top. To do this, stick in the middle of a stitch coming from the back of the knit.
Pull the thread upwards. Now follow the course of the stitch within the knit fabric by following the course of the mesh head.
Gently pull on the thread and now prick the fabric from above into the knit where the mesh legs meet. This is the middle of the stitch that you have previously inserted from below.
For the second stitch, you now enter from below into the next higher stitch. That's the stitch you've just transposed with the pattern color. Pierce through the fabric again according to the course of the mesh head and then guide the needle back through the stitch from top to bottom. Done is the second stitch.
In this way you embroider to the desired height.
Horizontal stitch stitch
Working from right to left, the embroidery stitch results in the most uniform appearance. Therefore, start by stitching a stitch inside the knit. They pierce the stitch from below, pull up the thread, pierce the fabric next to the stitching head, pull the thread under the two stitches of the overlying stitch to the top left, then pierce again from the top into the middle of the stitch down one and already the first stitch is embroidered.
Now, starting again from below, stab into the stitch next to the left and pull the thread upwards. Follow again the leg course of the stitch upwards and pierce downwards.
On the left next to the two mesh legs, come up from below and pull the thread downwards through the middle of the stitch. Embroider as many stitches as you want in this way.
These horizontal and vertical rows of stitches can be used to embroider letters or numbers that can be combined into names or dates of birth. Flower patterns, framing lettering or large-area embroidery are just a few examples of the creative possibilities offered by the stitch pattern. Beveling is quite simply done by stitching one row and one stitch at a time for the next stitch.
Tips on the material
For the embroidery thread, use a similar material composition that makes up the rest of the fabric. Be sure to test a piece of proofing for color fastness before embroidering. For example, if you want to embroider a white baby blanket with a name in red or blue wool and rub off it when washing for the first time, the whole work was in vain. Therefore, test the wool before processing by moistening a piece of thread and then squeezing it on a light hand or dry cloth. If there are no stains on the fabric, you can start embroidering without hesitation.
Another note refers to the thickness of the embroidery thread. Bear in mind that the embroidery thread requires additional space in the fabric. The thicker he is, the more he squeezes the stitch he wraps around. Most wool threads are twisted - meaning that several individual wool threads have been twisted together to form a single thread. The embroidery thread should always be thinner than the knitted wool. You can therefore divide your embroidery thread so that it has the right thickness. Pull one or more threads out of the embroidery thread to reduce its volume. Sometimes it is advisable to embroider with the appropriate thickness some test stitches to get a visual impression. In most cases, removing one or two monofilaments is enough and the stitch stitch thickness is perfect.
Finished projects with stitch technique