Making the mosaic yourself - making craft ideas + mosaic stones
- Decorate wooden box with mosaic
- Stick mosaic yourself
- Making mosaic tiles from tiles
- DIY tesserae made of plaster
- Tips for quick readers
For thousands of years, people decorate their belongings with the colorful little stones, ceramic parts or broken glass: The fantastically beautiful ornamental patterns of the mosaic technique enhance even today inconspicuous objects and conjure up a maritime touch in every home. The following instructions will tell you how to make your own mosaic!
Mosaic: Ornate ornament by hand
Whether the frame of an old mirror, stool or small side table: Basically, everything can be decorated with mosaic, which requires an all-round renewal. Especially in the bathroom and garden blowing in no time a beautiful South Sea breeze. Anyone who has ever admired some of the amazing mosaics of distant lands will find this art hard to reproduce on their own: but by no means! In fact, a mosaic can be stuck in your own home - or outside of it - easily yourself. In addition to pretty stones you only need suitable grout, a self-designed template of your motive - and a little patience!
Decorate wooden box with mosaic
A wooden box is ideal for beginners to get used to the mosaic technique. The effort is relatively small - the effect, however, is so great that it definitely motivates you to continue immediately afterwards with instructions number two.
Time required: several hours (varies depending on the drying time of your grout)
Material costs: about 20 - 25 €, depending on inventory
You will need that:
- wooden box
- Tesserae (finished bought around 15 euros or homemade)
- Mosaic cement / grout white (between 5 and 10 euros)
- Mortar or wood glue
- old container for mixing the cement (Caution, could not be completely clean!)
- possibly pencil and ruler
Step 1: At the beginning, clean the wooden box thoroughly and then rough it up with sandpaper.
Step 2: Now creativity is required: think about the colors in which the box should shine.
Put on the mosaic stones. There is still the possibility to change everything at will. Try different variants!
3rd step: Moisten the wood with water.
Step 4: Once you have decided on your favorite design, get stuck: Now fix the stones with mortar. The mass must be applied thick. Then press the individual pebbles into the mass. The excess precipitates during drying or can be scraped out later.
Tip: You can also attach the individual stones with wood glue.
Step 6: Let everything dry thoroughly - 2 - 3 hours should be enough.
Step 7: Now stir in the grout according to the product instructions. In the end, the mass should get a consistency like toothpaste.
Step 8: Now place your mosaic cement on the decorated lid. Use the spatula and spread the mixture so thinly that the stones still show through - but thick enough that all gaps are covered. Stones and cement are at a height ">
Step 9: Now it's time to wait: Allow the cement to dry for several hours - just follow the instructions on the packaging.
10th step: It continues. Carefully test that the cement has dried enough to prevent fingerprints when touched. Then wipe the stones clean with a damp sponge.
Step 11: Finally allow one more day to cure. Ready is your first homemade mosaic!
Stick mosaic yourself
Now it's time to glue a mosaic picture yourself. This is ideal for embellishing walls, sandboxes or fountains in the garden as well as for a variety of pieces of furniture that are used exclusively indoors. However, to demonstrate the "Hardship Case", we choose an outdoor example that should withstand wind and weather!
Difficulty: 2/5 once the basics have been understood, quite easily
Time required: drying times and drafting should be scheduled for several hours, depending on skills and grout used
Material costs: about 20 euros for finished mosaic stones and grout, other should be available
You will need that:
- frost-proof mosaic stones ready bought or self-made (amount depending on the size of your motif)
- a small empty yogurt cup (or similar)
- a larger empty yogurt cup (or similar)
- Mortar compound (for outdoor use, for gluing tiles, to have a cheap DIY store in each)
- a knife with the widest possible blade or better: a putty knife
- Spoon (keep well dry)
- Edding or chalk
- big wide brush
- Squeegee (with a rubber applicator provided flat handle, there are also cheap in the hardware store)
- Cloth or sponge
- optional: food coloring (to color the grout)
Step 1: You begin your work by filling the mortar powder into your larger cup.
Attention: It is extremely important that both the jar and your ladle are completely dry. Otherwise dry mortar immediately clumps. In case of doubt, just give up the spoon and pour the mass directly from the pack into the cup.
Step 2: Use the small cup to add some water.
Tip: Not every mortar is gray - at least it does not have to be this: If you want a picture with colored joints, simply add some food color in the appropriate shade to the plaster when mixing. This does not harm the firmness and represents a creative alternative to eternal gray!
3rd step: Now stir your mixture with the putty knife until the mass assumes a buttery consistency. For the exact mixing conditions, either follow the instructions on the packaging or gradually add small sips of water while stirring.
Tip: In case of doubt, first stir a bit longer, before you reach for more water. To liquid mortar would be unfit.
Step 4: Now bring a floor plan of your desired mosaic motif on the intended surface with an edding pen or chalk.
Tip: Edding lasts longer if you want to interrupt your work or have to expect rain. Chalk, on the other hand, is much more visible.
Step 5: Continue by brushing the area where you sketched your subject with water. This works best with a large, wide brush.
Step 6: Apply the mortar mass thinly to the moistened surface with the putty knife.
Tip: Do not be shy, you can not go wrong when applying the mortar. Simply use as much product as when buttering, until the surface is well covered.
Step 7: Now cover your sketched motif with individual stones. Spread some mortar on the underside to fix it easily.
Tip: If you want to plan your design better in advance, put it on thick cardboard in the form and then give it self-adhesive film over it. Of course, this only works with manageable size ratios. This allows you to remove the stones piece by piece from the foil and position them exactly in the right place. Or you can paint the back with mortar, while the whole picture still sticks to the foil, and then bring the whole thing to your decorating surface exactly the same way.
8th step: With the squeegee you now wipe additional mortar in the joints, so the spaces that have remained from tesserae to mosaic stone.
Tip: If you also get the stones yourself, this is not tragic. It is more important to "plaster" everything well, so that your motive pleases you for a long time with high stability.
9th step: Now comes an Antrockenzeit. Most of these include a few hours - take accurate values back from your product packaging.
Step 10: After this phase remove the still flexible cleaning residues with a damp sponge or cloth from the stones. Even unsightly white streaks, which can leave the mortar mass, wipe away as best as possible in the course of this step. Later it will be difficult.
Step 11: Your goal is to make the joints and stones at the end as flat as possible. The cleaner you work, the nicer the result.
Tip: If you pull too much mortar out of joint, let it dry a bit longer. Of course, the plaster should not be fully cured, otherwise you will not be able to clean up anything.
Step 12: Then leave the motif dry for at least one day - of course well protected from water. Et voila!
Making mosaic tiles from tiles
Of course, craft shops and numerous online providers offer beautiful sets of mosaic stones of all kinds - and that at fair prices between 10 and 20 euros. However, if you really want to have everything in your own hands, the colorful stones can be produced quickly and relatively easily. For children who want to experiment with mosaic, this works relatively well, only the color plates of old paint boxes are detached and cut into pieces. For outdoors, adults prefer to use colorfast and frost-proof tile remnants (frost-resistant glaze and corresponding support material).
When buying the tiles, it is of course helpful to have the desired motif and its dimensions already in mind. So if you are planning a red heart, you should not resort to green tiles indiscriminately. For particularly accurate tesserae, it is best to buy a tile cutter. With this you can create square or rectangular stones in a short time - simply draw the floor plan in advance on the tile. Some hardware stores offer appropriate equipment for on-site use.
If rough edges are allowed or even desired, choose a slightly rougher method.
You will need that:
- a sturdy garbage bag for garden waste or transport
- a hammer or simply a free wall or a piece of robust floor (not made of tiles)
Step 1: Place the tiles of a single color in the garbage bag. This serves as a practical protection against flying splinters - as an alternative to safety goggles.
Tip: The color separation makes it easier for you to continue working. Otherwise, later you would have to painstakingly arrange the individual stones again.
Step 2: Hit the garbage bag and the tiles inside it with the hammer. Alternatively, take the entire plastic bag and lift it vigorously against the wall or floor.
Tip: Less is sometimes more: After a few strokes, check the s of the garbage bag - it may be that the shards have a suitable size ">
Tip: Actually, the broken glass should not have any sharp edges, but if you work with children, they can better put on protective or gardening gloves when separating the pieces.
DIY tesserae made of plaster
The following option for making mosaic bricks is 100% DIY. Now you do not even need tiles anymore. Instead:
- white plaster
- empty plastic lid of a butter or cream cheese package (as a small dish)
Step 1: Gradually stir the gypsum with water to create a creamy consistency.
Step 2: Pour the mass into the plastic lid to create a layer about 2 to 3 mm thick.
Tip: To create stones in the shape of regular squares, wait for the plaster to dry slightly and then use a geodetic triangle to shape the shape you want. Easy scoring is enough. This makes it easy to break up the individual parts later.
Step 3: After the drying time (see package) the plaster can be painted as desired and then varnished. After that cure again for at least one day.
Step 4: Now break the gypsum board into small pieces - the DIY tesserae are ready.
Attention: These are of course only suitable for indoor use. For outdoors, you could use a frost-resistant glaze.
Tips for quick readers
- Decorate kitchen tray with mosaic
- Clean tray well and roast with sandpaper
- draw the desired pattern
- attach individual mosaic stones with glue
- Brush the cement thinly over it
- wipe off any remains after dry season
- Mosaic itself stick for outdoor use
- Outline motif with chalk or edding
- Mix mortar, optionally with food coloring
- Glue stone to stone with mortar
- alternatively whole picture on self-adhesive foil
- plaster after dry season
- Frost-resistant mosaic stones and grout for outdoors
- Make mosaic stones yourself
- Cut tiles with tile cutter
- alternatively battered in garbage bag
- or completely made of gypsum yourself