Home generalKnitting Pattie - DIY tutorial for beginners

Knitting Pattie - DIY tutorial for beginners

  • Two types of pearl pattern
    • The little pear pattern
      • First row
      • Second row
    • The big pear pattern
      • First row
      • Second row
      • Third row
      • Fourth row
  • Modifications of the pearl pattern
    • Half, big pear pattern
    • Oblique pear pattern

The pear pattern is counted among the structural patterns that result from the combination of right and left stitches. It is divided into large and small pearl pattern, which allow further variations. The characteristic feature of this pattern is the regular change of the mesh type, which ensures optical volume and stability in the fabric. Here we show you how to knit such a pear pattern.

Pear patterns are used as an inelastic cuff variant, large-area structural pattern solution or in the form of visually striking stripes within a knitted fabric. They can be used for a scarf or caps, are suitable for panels on jackets or bring in very fine wool optical volume in the piece of knitting. Who can knit right and left stitches, quickly mastered this simple pattern, which is so flexible due to its variations.

Two types of pearl pattern

The structure pattern is differentiated into "small pear pattern" and "big pear pattern". While the small pear pattern alternates between left and right stitches with each stitch and row, the large pear pattern is the "extension" of the small pear pattern. This means that there are always two stitches next to each other, which are also knitted in the same way over two rows.

The little pear pattern

It knits fast, because only right and left stitches alternate. In the back row, the stitches are not knitted in the same way as they appear, but in the opposite direction. On a right mesh comes with it a left and vice versa.

This is done first a stitch stop. Since this pattern has no repeat - so there is no repeating block of stitches, which consists of several stitches - the mesh size can always be chosen freely.

First row

The first row is started with the edge stitch, which can be lifted off or knitted as desired. Then knit one stitch on the left and one stitch on the right. Work in this form then the whole row, knit the edge stitch on the right and turn the work.

Please note that the first row is always a so-called "back row". For a piece of knitting, the side facing you when knitting the first row would be the inside or back of the finished piece of knitwear. Although the small and large pearles are identical on the front and back of the finished knit, a look at the bottom edge shows the difference between the front and back.


The stitches of the row of stitches are shown on the front of the knitted fabric with a smooth horizontal thread. On the back of the mesh appears optically like a small nodule. This side should always be on the inside of sweaters, jackets or caps.


Second row

They have turned the work, lift or knit again the edge stitch and look at the following stitch. If this appears as a right stitch, knit a left one on it. If it appears as a left-hand stitch, work a right-hand stitch. And this over the whole series. Then knit the edge stitch back to the right.

This creates an offset right-left pattern.

Right and left stitches in offset

The big pear pattern

A large pear pattern is the doubling of the small pear pattern in length and width. Instead of one stitch on the right and one stitch on the left, two left and two left stitches are repeated and worked over two rows.

First row

After the stitching you should have a number of stitches on the needle, which can be divided by 2, in addition to two edge stitches. You start again with the edge stitch, which can be lifted or knitted. The following two stitches are knit left or right, as you like it. Only two stitches need to be knit in the same way. So if you start with two right stitches, then knit two stitches on the left. And so in alternation to the edge stitch.

Two right / two left alternating

Second row

Turn the work over. If the last two stitches of the first row (not counting the edge stitch) were right stitches, you will now see two left stitches after the edge stitch. (Accordingly, two right stitches appear at the beginning of the row when the last two stitches of the previous row are knitted at the left side.)

Knit each stitch in the second row as it appears. Left stitches are knitted on the left, right stitches on the right. In this way, you get a small box that is two stitches high and two stitches wide.

A small box is created

Third row

After the edge stitch the following two stitches are knitted contrary to the appearance. If you have two right stitches on the needle, knit them now on the left. For two left stitches, work these as right stitches. As a result, a left-hand box is created on a box that has been knitted to the right so far, and vice versa. In this two right / two left rhythm, knit to the edge stitch. If on the left stitches of the front row two right stitches appear and on the right stitches of the front row left stitches, you did everything correctly. Then knit the edge stitch and turn it over.

pattern change

Fourth row

After the edge stitch, each stitch is knit again as it appears. Right stitches are knitted on the right, left stitches on the left. Work over the entire row, knit the edge stitch and the rapport of the large pearl pattern is ready. These four rows are repeated over and over to create a plastic minicar pattern.

Modifications of the pearl pattern

The combination of right and left stitches can be varied in length and width. The small pear pattern would create a pattern in which the stitches in the second row are knitted as they appear (ie no change in the second row). In the third row would be changed so that a left stitch comes on a left stitch. In the fourth row (back row) all the stitches would be knitted again as they appear. The result is a right / left pattern, but over two rows, while the small pear pattern only one row is knitted in this way.

In the same way can be varied within the width and changed in each row. From one right / one left can become two right / two left, after turning is knitted offset in the back row. The meshes are not worked as they appear, but opposite.

For example, the height and width of the large pear pattern can be multiplied. The height can be doubled while maintaining the width of two stitches. Or the width is varied while the height remains with four rows. Take a look at the following examples and the knitting font:

Half, big pear pattern

Here, the small pear pattern has been doubled in height and appears in width like a "half" large pear pattern.

First row: 1 right / 1 left.

Second row: knit all the stitches as they appear.

Third row: knit stitches as they appear.

Fourth row: knit all the stitches as they appear.

Oblique pear pattern

In this variant, the large pear pattern is offset by one stitch after every other row. This results in a sloping mesh structure.

First row: 2 right / 2 left.

Second row: knit all the stitches as they appear.

Third row: The first box is shifted one stitch to the left - if the first two stitches are knitted after the edge stitch on the right, the first stitch is knitted on the left, then alternately two right and two left to the edge stitch.

Fourth row: knit all the stitches as they appear.

Fifth row: Again, look at how the first two stitches appear and mentally shift them one stitch to the left. Then knit the first stitch in the opposite direction.

Tip: When adding or removing puffed patterns, such as sleeves, side panels on pullovers and jackets, and V-necklines, it is a good idea to always knit the first and last stitch in the same style, either on the right or left. This results in a regular stitch pattern, which results in a visually identical row when sewing together. It takes some practice to combine two knit pieces in a pear pattern so that the pear pattern merges exactly with each other. A similar stitch in front of the edge stitch can hide possible irregularities when stitching together.

Cleaning tile joints - this really helps with cleaning
Knitting left stitches - instructions