Rhododendron multiply by offshoots and cuttings
- Rootless rhododendrons multiply
- Refine refined rhododendrons
Buying a particular rhododendron is an unsafe game: First of all, you have to find this rhododendron again - in 12, 000 German varieties or 20, 000 varieties worldwide. How well that you can easily multiply the most beautiful rhododendron in the garden by offshoots and cuttings, in the article you will learn how.
Do you have a particularly beautiful rhododendron in the garden, which can not be bought anymore "> To reproduce root-right rhododendrons
Root-right rhododendrons can easily be multiplied by offshoots and cuttings:
- By propagating replicas works as follows:
- After flowering look for a side shoot that is already woody and grows near the ground
- Bend the shoot to the ground, it should rest in one place without much pressure
- Cut this shoot diagonally at this point but not through it
- He is now bent to the ground next to the plant
- The cut points towards the ground and is held open with a match
- Dig in a bit or pile up and secure in the ground with a piece of wire
- If you tie the shoot gently to a stick, it has more peace for rooting
- At the point in the soil, the rhododendron forms first wound tissue and then roots
- That may take, maybe only until next spring, maybe years
- Occasionally, you can dug gently at the side to see if there are any roots
- If this is the case, the small rhododendron can be separated from the mother plant and planted elsewhere.
- To multiply by cuttings is even easier:
- After flowering cut cuttings from woody branches of the previous year
- The can be divided for larger propagation projects in several 15, 20 cm long pieces
- The cuttings should each have a shoot node at the bottom
- The lower leaves are pulled off, 4 to 6 leaves at the end of the drive can stop
- The end bud is broken, it is probably a flower bud
- The remaining leaves can be cut away halfway, so the shoot has more power to form roots
- The cutting is cut into the wood with a sharp knife 2 cm long (as in the flowers for the vase cut)
Tip: You increase your chances when you dip the cutting into rooting powder. A growth product called Seradix B No. 3 (available on the Internet) is said to have proven in rhododendrons. Put the lower end of the cuttings in the growth substance and beat well
- Put cuttings in potting soil, pot or box, put out over the summer
- In the fall, roots should have developed, then the seedling can be placed in pot or garden soil
- The advantage of cloning: These rhododendrons bloom after one to two years, seed-propagated rhododendrons can be much longer time
If you multiply a plant by offshoots and cuttings, you create an identical copy without gene modification, a clone. With a rootless rhododendron you can also breed, descendants from seeds of this rhododendron pull. With the chance of genetic variation, maybe an even nicer rhododendron will come out of it.
Refine refined rhododendrons
Refined rhododendrons may be propagated by cuttings cut from the upper (refining) part. "Maybe" because, while cutting from the crown, they certainly do not catch the pad, but it is not certain that the cutting will grow happily. The refinements are very high-bred varieties, which as a "breeding-side effect" quite once lost the ability to form their own roots and to provide for these roots.
With the offshoots it is such a thing, if you catch a shoot that belongs to the pad, even a rhododendron will come out. But not the rhododendron you want to see, but the variety that forms the base. These are robust rhododendrons like 'Cunningham's White' or 'Roseum Elegans', actually no misfortune, these are even popular varieties, only the flower color turns white or pink, purple, violet and not like the refined rhododendron.
Rhododendrons works as described above and you can already start with this description. But when it comes to the last shoot of Grandma's favorite strain, you need more information than this short description offers. So there are four main groups of rhododendrons, large-leaved varieties, small-leaved varieties, Japanese azaleas and deciduous azaleas, all of which want to be treated a little differently in the propagation of cuttings (which can make the crucial difference in an emergency) and many other subtleties.