Remove foxing - so you get rid of mold stains!
- Underground and cause
- Which home remedy for which underground "> 1 Wallpaper
- 2. woodchip or painted walls
- 3. Fabric and sneakers
- 4th upholstery
- 5. wood
- 6. Paper
- 7. Leather and artificial leather
Moldy stains occur when moisture can not be sufficiently removed. Unfortunately, it is not always possible to prevent the annoying little patches from appearing. From the foxing it is sometimes not far to the first mold stain. Therefore, you should remove foxing as quickly as possible. Whether upholstery, wallpaper or wall, here are the right tips for the removal of mildew.
Especially with fabrics, such as the children's gymnastics, probably everyone knows the annoying little gray spots that spread an unpleasant musty smell. On wallpapers, small areas quickly become entire surfaces that are full of mold stains. This development also damages the health of the inhabitants, while the small musty spots are more of an optical evil. Unless it is a design flaw in the construction of the house, there are several home remedies that can be used to remove stains. Depending on the surface, another trick helps effectively in the removal. Once we have collected all the tricks and home remedies that help.
If you are plagued by large black mold or white mold, we recommend these instructions:
- Remove black mold
- Fight white mold
You need this:
- soft cotton towels
- microfiber cloth
- Brush / paint roller
- lacquer bowl
- soft / coarse brush
- Mold remover
- chlorine cleaner
- Dishwashing liquid
- Javel water
- insulating paint
- Tea tree oil
- Baking powder / baby powder
Tip: If someone in the North German area tells you that the wall is spaky or delayed, it means an infestation with the small stick or mold spots. These foxing are often referred to in other regions as stingy. Smell the spots are probably everywhere uncomfortable and in any case, it should be done quickly.
Underground and cause
In the bathroom and kitchen, we often find affected areas, which are caused by the high humidity. In most cases, however, this infestation is associated with faulty insulation or a leaky pipeline. If none of these errors are present, the ventilation behavior of the residents is quite often not optimal. If the spots around a window occur, it will probably be due either to the ventilation or the connection of the window to the masonry.
Here's a detailed guide for you on how to remove and prevent mold on the window: mold on the window frame
Stains on the masonry
- leaky pipes
- faulty insulation
- bad ventilation behavior
- Furniture too close to poorly insulated exterior wall
Wallpaper - the sensitive underground
On a painted wall, a stain can still be removed relatively easily; it becomes difficult when the wallpaper is affected. All the reasons why mold stains arise on the masonry naturally also affect wallpapered areas. Here, however, a bit of tact in the removal is required.
Stains on upholstery
Occur small spots on upholstered furniture, it is often to blame too well-intentioned cleaning. The upholstery is superficially dried, but the moisture from the detergent or upholstery foam penetrates deep into the foam and the substructure of the upholstered furniture. Often, the spots then reappear in another place, such as the back, when it is close to a wall. After cleaning, you should always make sure that your furniture is free. Loose cushions and pillows should be set up at night to allow moisture to drain from the furniture.
Stains on fabric and sneakers
Clothes that are immediately put in the closet after drying are often as affected as the sports items forgotten in the bag. Preventing staining is targeted ventilation of the wet garments. Fresh laundry should not be placed immediately in the locked cabinet and gym bags must be emptied immediately. Of course, it happens again and again that the sports bag is forgotten in a hurry and the laundry is still spanking.
Which home remedy for which underground "> 1 Wallpaper
Wallpapers are next to upholstery, with the most difficult materials for a cleaning. Nevertheless, there are some little tricks that can help here. With very little infestation, it can even help to thoroughly dry the stains with a hair dryer and then wipe the stains with a dry, soft cloth. In an inconspicuous place, you can test what effect tea tree oil has on the wallpaper. The tea tree oil is gently dabbed with a cotton cloth. You can also use cotton bath pads if it is a particularly sensitive wallpaper. Do not use too much of the oil, as this will create an ugly edge around the treated area.
Tip: You must not breathe the contaminated air, it may eventually contain mold spores. Therefore, even with such a small amount of cleansing you should already wear respiratory protection. If you have nothing like this in the house, but it is sufficient to tie a cotton cloth in front of your mouth and nose.
2. woodchip or painted walls
It's lighter than a patterned wallpaper with a woodchip or painted wall. If you damage this surface during cleaning, the affected wall can be overcoated with an insulating paint after all. Whether mold, spack or nicotine, the insulating paint has a greater opacity than conventional wall paints and prevents stains from the paint on the surface of the wall again. First you have to remove the stain. A mildew spray is very suitable.
Tip: As so often in life, not all mildew sprays work equally well. After a long trial, we have had good experiences with the mold spray from Decotric. The black spray bottle with the yellow label costs about five euros in the trade. Like all chlorine-based mildew sprays, you should not inhale this product. You must ventilate the room very thoroughly after use. After a short exposure time, you can wipe off the remains of the spray with the mold stains. However, you can often no longer see the stain if the spray has worked well.
The Chlorix or Domestos cleaners can also be used well on a hard surface such as a painted wall. You must be aware, however, that you will almost certainly have to paint the affected area later, as the wall paint either runs or discolored by the use of chlorine bleach.
Tip: Never paint a stain on the wall with a conventional wall paint. They only make the problem worse. On the contrary, the high proportion of moisture in the wall paint virtually causes mold to bloom and due to the low pigment content of this color, the stain strikes again directly after drying.
3. Fabric and sneakers
Although a white T-shirt or shirt can also be treated with chlorine bleach, bleaching can attack the material. That's why you should be careful with any kind of bleaching. For colorful garments or curtains, bleaching is of course excluded anyway.
Tip: An old home remedy is the Javelwasser, which is not quite so damaging. Until now, most of them only get the Javel water in the pharmacy and in a few online shops. The name Javelwasser, however, is a real trivialization, because even this product has a chlorine base and therefore smells like that. Originally, Javelwasser was mainly used as a paper bleach.
For sensitive, colorful fabrics, try to test the agent in an inconspicuous place. Popular home remedies include baking soda and buttermilk. The garment should be placed completely in buttermilk. Then you have to wash the fabric well. For this you should first wash out the fat content of the buttermilk with dishwashing liquid and lukewarm water. Baking soda is more suitable for small areas and can even lighten the fabric a bit, so be careful. Essigessenz, also a very popular home remedy should only be used on bed linen or tablecloths. Even towels with small mold stains can often be rid of the stains with a vinegar essence.
Tip: For fabrics, sneakers as well as for upholstery and paper, the sun looks very good against the first small foxing. In summer, lay the affected piece in the sun for a few hours and then blow dry the affected areas with hot air.
Before you wet a pad with a chlorine-containing agent, you should always check in an inconspicuous place, what effect the agent has on the upholstery fabric. If the upholstery can be removed, you can lay it like fabric for a few hours in the blazing sun. After a previous test, baking soda is recommended. Sprinkle some baking soda on the stain and let it work for a while. You may also be able to incorporate the baking powder with a soft brush. After the exposure time you suck the baking powder out of the padding thoroughly. If there is still a whitish shadow, dry the baking powder residues with the hair dryer and then vacuum the pad again with the vacuum cleaner.
Tip: The short sun exposure has hardly any effect on the color, if it is not coincidentally a red fabric. The red color pigments are significantly smaller than other pigments and therefore fall out of the material when exposed to sunlight. Even with any detergent, you should be very careful with red shades - even baking soda is not suitable in this case.
For wood, the removal of stains depends on the sealing of the surface. If the wood surface has been sealed with a varnish, a mildew spray will usually help. Natural wood surfaces, however, not only absorb the spak, the spores also penetrate really deep and in the worst case can only be removed with emery cloths. Nevertheless, you should try to kill the spores. Therefore, the hair dryer must bring back its use. Here, the soft brush but little to align, so you should use a dry coarse brush. You may need to subsequently seal the wood with varnish to prevent further staining.
Tip: For a wooden surface, you should also check in an invisible place, which cleaner leaves the slightest marks on the wood. Rather be too careful and check beforehand on all surfaces how the respective cleaner behaves.
Small stains and mold on precious paper can also be difficult to remove. On larger areas without writing, the Javel water described above can help you. If the paper is not completely covered with stains and the damage is still quite new, the hair dryer is again a good solution. Carefully dry the affected areas and brush the spores off the paper with a soft brush. Another successful home remedy for stain removal on paper is baking soda or starch. Other housewives recommend baby powder or talc.
All powdery agents should be removed after a contact time of about one hour with a soft brush. Starch or baking soda can even lighten the paper a little, so think twice if that is what you want in your particular case.
Tip: If you have valuable books, such as first editions, for example, you should bring them directly to the expert. A professional restorer knows the type of paper and the components of the cover and knows better how to really preserve the value of the paper.
7. Leather and artificial leather
First of all, you have to decide whether the shoe, purse or jacket is actually genuine leather or artificial leather. Synthetic leather is easier to rid of foxing than real leather. With a microfibre cloth and possibly some dishwashing detergent you are usually already successful with a product made of artificial leather. With real leather, however, alcohol helps better. But you do not necessarily have to go to the pharmacy, because clear alcohol from a percentage of at least 40, often looks even more gentle. Nevertheless, you should definitely do a test again at an inconspicuous place in the feed.
Tip: If you have treated leather with alcohol, then you should then apply an appropriate leather care with high fat content. Otherwise, leather will dry out and may even become brittle. For shoes, a colorless shoe grease is a good choice. Handbags and jackets or other garments should be treated with a specially developed leather care. Do not use colored shoe polish, because even with shoes, the color may rub off on the pant legs or the sofa after alcohol treatment.
Tips for quick readers
- Treat walls without wallpaper with mildew spray
- Coat woodchip after treatment with insulating substrate
- Clean wallpaper with hair dryer and soft brush
- Dab tea tree oil carefully
- Mouthguard wear in mold spores
- Treat white fabrics and sneakers with bleach
- Put colorful clothes in buttermilk
- sprinkle small spots with baking soda
- Put upholstery in the sun
- Baking soda or washing powder cleans upholstery
- Clean painted wood with mildew spray
- Carefully brush off stains on unpainted wood
- Dry paper with baking powder or baby powder
- Javelwasser bleaches paper